Yes Correct, one of the famous, Sacred, and popular Buddhist sites in India is Kushinagar. In this post, we are sharing various information about Kushinagar(कुशीनगर) like what is its earlier name in pre-Mauryan and post-Mauryan, top places to visit in Kushinagar, top hotels in Kushinagar(कुशीनगर), how to reach Kushinagar, Kushinagar(कुशीनगर) newly developed airport which is international, and many more. so keep reading this post and also share some updated information about Kushinagar. #vocalforLocal #UPTOURISM #BuddhistPlaces #LordBuddha #KushinagarAirport
History of Buddhist Site Kushinagar
Kushinagar earlier pre-Buddha period known as Kusavati and Kushinara in the post-Buddha period. It was the capital of Mallas, one of the sixteen mahajanpads of India in the 6th century BCE, from then till pre-independence Kushinagar came in many rulers and administration. After independence in 1994 Kushinagar was designated as a district by Uttar Pradesh Government, which help in getting more attention and developments.
Importance of Kushinagar
Kushinagar was the capital of Mallas in 6th BCE hence it is one of the most important places in India, its importance becomes more when lord Buddha has taken Mahaprinirvan here after spending some time. This makes one of the major reasons for its importance, also there is a sun temple of 3 BCE during Gupta’s reign and this temple is also mentioned in Skand Puran hence its also increases its importance.
Sun Temple in Kushinagar – This is one of the Oldest and important Sun Temple in India. This temple is situated 17 km to the east from the tehsil office Kasia, Kushinagar.
Kasia is a small town which is 3 km from Kushinagar.
Places to See in Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh
The government of Uttar Pradesh under the leadership of CM Shri Yogi AdityaNath Ji is now taking and upgrading the Kushinagar’s visibility more on the Indian Map like starting of Kushinagar International Airport will start from Nov 2020 itself and many developments like Roads and Hotels and other facilities which help the visitors of Kushinagar.
1: Parinirvana Stupa (महापरिनिर्वाण स्तूप), Kushinagar
The Parinirvana Stupa(महापरिनिर्वाण स्तूप) in Kushinagar is said to be the death place of Buddha where he had taken the Mahaparinirvana(महापरिनिर्वाण). The present temple was built by the Government of India in 1956 celebrating the 2500th year of Mahaparinirvana(महापरिनिर्वाण).
In the temple, there is a sleeping statue of lord buddha inclining on the right side and in the direction of North to South. The statue is 6.1 meters long.
2: Matha Kuar Shrine, Kushinagar
Matha Kuar Shrine in Kushinagar is near Mahaparinirvana Sthal having a statue of Lord Buddha in a sitting style and built on a single stone back to the 10th century. The statue depicts the Buddha Bhumi Sparsh Mudra.
3: Ramabhar Stupa, Kushinagar
The Rambhar Stupa is a 15-meter height stupa and one of the major attractions in Kushinagar. The stupa is semi hemisphere structured and has some images and photos of Lord Buddha. The internal hall is maintained to be in silent mode due to its structure. The stupa is surrounded by green lush parks which makes it one of the most tourist places.
4: Buddhist Museum, Kushinagar
The Buddhist Museum is a nearby Thai Temple in Kushinagar. This museum enclosed the memory and lifestyle of a Buddhist monk, dresses, etc, and showed how and what the life of a Buddhist monk.
This Buddhist Museum also has some unearthed stone works, remains of the Mauryan era.
Mesuem Timing and Entry Fees of Buddhist Meseum Kushinagar:
- 10:30 AM – 04:30 PM.
- HOlidays – Monday, Sunday and Second Saturday and other national Holidays,
Entry Ticket Fees
- Rs. 3/-for Indian visitors over 12 years
- Rs. 10/-for foreigners
- Rs. 20/-Camera ticket
- Educational tours and children up to 12 years free.
4: Vietnames Temple (Linh Son Vietnam Chinese Buddhist Temple), Kushinagar
Vietnamese Temple is just opposite the Buddha Museum in Kushinagar. This temple is made in the format of Vietname format and has a sitting statue of Lord Buddha in gold plating.
Once you came here you will be lost from the tension and hectic life and feel relaxed and tension-free.
There are many other temples named – Birla Hindu Temple, Burmese Temple, Korean Temple, Shiva Temple, etc.
कुशीनगर – प्राचीन और गौरवशाली इतिहास
कुशीनगर ( छठी शताब्दी में “कुशीनारा”कहा जाता था) विश्व के पवित्र नगरों में एक है | इसका प्राचीन और गौरवशाली इतिहास कुछ इस तरह रहा है l
1: महाकाव्य रामायण अनुसार श्री राम जी के पुत्र कुश जी के राज्य की राजधानी कुशीनगर थी, जिसे उस समय कुशावती कहा जाता था l
2: पाली साहित्य के ग्रन्थ त्रिपिटक के अनुसार छठी शताब्दी में १६ महाजनपदों में से एक और सैथवारमल्ल वंश की राजधानी रही l
3: बौद्ध धर्म के चार मुख्य धार्मिक स्थलों में से एक है, और महात्मा बुद्ध की महापरिनिर्वाण स्थली है l बुद्ध धर्म को मानने वालों के सबसे पवित्र नगरों में से एकl
4: महात्मा बुद्ध के कुछ पवित्र मंदिर रामभार स्तूप, मथाकुंवर मंदिर, महापरिनिर्वाण स्तूप, निर्वाण चैत्य आदिl
5: गुप्तकालीन सूर्य मंदिर कुशीनगर से केवल 15 किलोमीटर पूर्व में तुर्कपट्टी में है. जिसका अपना ही एक ऐतिहासिक महत्तव हैl
6: जैन धर्म के 24वे तीर्थकर महावीर स्वामी जी ने कुशीनगर से 16 किलोमीटर दूर आज के फाजिलनगर (उस समय पावानगर) में परिनिर्वाण लिया l