National Postal Day of India Its reason and Importance of Indian Post Office in Life

National Postal Day is celebrated every 10th of October in India which is an extension of World Postal Day which is celebrated on 9th October every year. This post is about National Postal Day of India, its cause, and the importance of the Indian Post Office in our daily life.

National Postal Day of India Its cause and Importance of Indian Post Office in Life popular in India
Source : Indian Post Office Official Website

Why we celebrate National Postal Day in India?

National Postal Day is celebrated in India every year on the 10th of October which is an extension of World Postal Day which is on the 9th of October every year. The reason we celebrate National or World postal day is “to commemorate the role played by Indian and world postal departments in our life“.

Basically, World Postal Day is celebrated every 9th of October due to the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union in 1874 in the Swiss capital Bern, and the declaration of World Postal Day by the UPU Congress held in Tokyo, Japan in 1969. The proposal is submitted by an Indian named Shri Anand Mohan Narula.

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Importance of National Postal Day in 2020?

This year not only the Indian Police Department, Indian Defense, and Indian Railway have done a fabulous job Indian Post Office has also done a very commendable job in this COVID19 outbreak, with keeping themselves safe and healthy they have delivered the excellent service from letters, government jobs appointment letters, Food, medicines, Medicinal equipment’s, COVID equipment, Postal Life insurance, Rural Postal Life insurance, IPPB, etc.

In my personal opinion, the theme of National Postal Day of 2020 must be dedicated to the first line of service i.e the Postmen who were gone outside from the post office for the delivery of the things while keeping themselves and their customer safe from the Corona Virus.

Facts about Indian Postal Service Which

1: Which is highest post in post office?

Ans – Hikkim, of Himachal Pradesh, is the highest post in post Office in the world at a height of 14,567 ft 4440metre.

2: Which is the biggest post office in India?

Ans – Mumbai GPO is the biggest post office in India formed in 1795 and spread in an area of 1 Lakh square ft.

3: Where was first post office opened in India?

Ans – Calcutta in 1727

4: Who is the father of Indian postal stamp?

Ans – Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

5: Which country has most post offices?

Ans – India, with 1,55,618 post Offices and 5,66,000 employees.

6: How many types of post office are there in India?

Ans – 3 types

7: Where is the first woman post office in India?

Ans – Central Delhi

8: Who was the first person in Indian postal stamp?

Ans – The first postal stamp of Independent India was issued on 21 November 1947. The first women postage was of Mirabai.

9: Which is the only country to offer a free postal service?

Ans – Andorra

10: How many GPO are there in India?

Ans – 23 Postal Circles in India

11: Which is the first Indian post office outside Indian territory?

Ans – Antarctica, Located at Dakshini Gangotri become Operational on February 24, 1984.

History of Indian Postal Service

Like Indian history the history of Indian Postal Services is also very old. Here is the history of Indian Postal service in chronological order.

  • 1541 – Sher Shah introduces horse dak on 2000- mile road between Bengal and Sindh.
  • 1672 – Mysore Anche is established by Maharaja Chikka Devaraya Wodeyar.
  • 1766– Robert Clive sets up a regular postal system.
  • 1774– Warren Hastings organizes the Post Office.
  • 1774 – 31 March, Calcutta GPO opened.
  • 1786 – 1 June, Madras GPO opened.
  • 1794 – Bombay GPO opened.
  • 1850 – Post Office Commission Appointed.
  • 1854 – Post Office Act XVII introduced.
  • 1860 – Postal Manual Published.
  • 1873 – Embossed envelopes are put on sale.
  • 1876 – India joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1879-1880 – Postcards introduced, Railway mail Service /Money order launched.
  • 1882 – Post Office Savings Bank Opens.
  • 1884 – Post life Insurance Launched.
  • 1886 – Sale of one-anna revenue stamp starts.
  • 1898 – 1 July, Post Office Act VI introduced.
  • 1935 – Indian Postal Order introduced.
  • 1947 – Three Independence Postage Stamps issued.
  • 1959 – P&T Department adopts the motto “aharnisham sevamahe”.
  • 1986 – 1 August, Speed Post introduced.
  • 1994 – Express Parcel / VSAT money order service introduced.
  • 2003 – Meghdoot Software introduced.
  • 2006 – 25 June, ePayment services introduced.
  • 2008 – Modernisation of Post Office-Project Arrow introduced.
  • 2012 – IT Modernisation project-2012 introduced.
  • 2018 – IPPB 100 percent digital bank account at zero balance introduced.

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