National Parks in India

Hey Friends, this post is about National Parks in India, after going through this post you will learn about National Parks in India. So if you interested in knowing about the natural heritage of India or you are preparing for Sarkari exams in India Like SSC CGL, CHSL, Banking, Railway NTPC, State PCS, UPSC Civil Services, etc then must check this because many questions are asked in these Sarkari exams.

What is a National Park?

Friends before going forward and knowing how many National Parks are there in India lets know first what is a National Park?

So, according to the Indian Ministry of Environment and Forest and Wildlife Institue of India, Dehradun a National Park is a protected area may be or not in the sanctuary is protected to protect and propagate the wildlife based on the ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological or zoological association or importance. This area is defined as the National park by the State Government.

The most important thing about the National Park is no human activity is permitted without the permission of Chief Wildlife Warden of the State.

How Many National Parks in India?

According to the National Wildlife database in May 2019, there are a total of 104 National Parks in India.
Source – ENVIS Center of Wildlife and Protected Areas.

Important facts about National Parks in India.

  • India’s First National Park is – Jim Corbett National, Uttrakhand. Setup in 1936, earlier known as Hailey National Park
  • By 1970, there are only 5 National Parks in India.
  • The total area cover by the 104 National Parks in India is 40,501.13 sq. km or 15,637 sq mi, which is 1.23% of India’s total surface area.

Which state of India has the highest National Parks?

Madhya Pradesh – The total number of National Parks is 10.

Which states of India have the lowest National Park?

Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Sikkim, Manipur, Goa – Total 1 National Parks in each state.

Name of largest(areawise) National Park in India?

  • Hemis National Park.
  • State – Jammu & Kashmir.
  • Area Covered – 3350 sq kms.
  • Year of the establishment – 1981

Name of the smallest(areawise) National Park in India?

  • South Button Island National Park.
  • UT – Andaman & Nicobar Island.
  • Area Covered -0.03 sq km.
  • Year of the establishment – 1987

Name of National Parks of India listed in UNESCO World Heritage Sites?

  • Kaziranga National Park. State -Assam.
  • Khangchendzonga National Park, State – Sikkim.
  • Keoladeo National Park, State – Rajasthan.
  • Nanda Devi National Park, State – Uttrakhand.
  • Valley of Flowers National Park, State – Uttrakhand.
  • Great Himalayan National Park, State – Himachal Pradesh.
  • Sundarbans National Park, State – West Bengal.
  • Nokrek National Park, State – Meghalaya.
  • Manas National Park, State – Assam.

Rivers and Lakes inside the National Parks of India

There are a total of 22 rivers flowing through 12 National Parks in India. Note these rivers and National parks of India which has national importance.

  • Ramganga – Jim Corbett National Park, State – Uttrakhand.
  • Kabini and River Moyar – Bandipur National Park, State – Karnataka.
  • Hiran, Shetrunji, Datardi, Shinoda, Machhundri, Godavari, and Raval – Gir National Park, State – Gujrat.
  • Lokhtak Lake – Keibul Lamjao National Park, State – Manipur.
  • Pambar River – Eravikulam National Park, State – Kerala.
  • Kunthipuzha River – Silent Valley River, State – Kerala.
  • Kali River – Anshi National Park, State – Karnataka.
  • Brahmani, Baitarini, Dharma river – Bhitarkarnika National Park, State – Odhisa.
  • Ganga River – Gangotri National Park, State – Uttrakhand.
  • Jaldhaka and Brahmaputra river – Gorumara National Park, State – West Bengal.
  • North Koyal River – Betla National Park, State – Jharkhand.
  • Brahmaputra and Lohit river – Dibru – Saikhowa National Park, State – Assam.

Statewise List of National Parks in India

Here is the list of all 104 National Parks in India with their respective states’ names.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andaman Nicobar Island has the second-highest number of National Parks in India count is 9. The smallest National Park of India is situated in Andaman Nicobar Island.

1. North Button Island National Park
  • Established in the year 1979.
  • The area covered 0.44 sq km.
2. Saddle Peak National Park
  • Established in the year 1979.
  • The area covered 32.54 sq km.
3. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park
  • Established in the year 1983.
  • The area covered 281.50 sq km.
4. Middle Button Island National Park
  • Established in the year 1987.
  • The area covered 0.44 sq km.
5. Mount Harriet National Park
  • Established in the year 1987.
  • The area covered 46.62 sq km.
  • Marked as an important bird area by BirdLife International.
6. South Button Island National Park
  • Established in the year 1987.
  • The area covered 0.03 sq km.
  • Smallest National Park in India.
  • Animals protected in this national park – Dugong, Dolphin, Water Monitor Lizard, Blue Whale.
7. Campbell Bay National Park
  • Established in the year 1992.
  • The area covered 462.23 sq km.
  • Largest (areawise) National Park of Andaman and Nicobar.
8. Galanthea National Park
  • Established in the year 1992.
  • The area covered 110.0 sq km.
  • Fourth Largest (areawise) National Park of Andaman and Nicobar.
9. RaniJhansi Marine National Park
  • Established in the year 1996.
  • The area covered 256.14 sq km.
  • Third Largest (areawise) National Park of Andaman and Nicobar.

National Parks in Andhra Pradesh

There are only 3 National Parks are in Andhra Pradesh. Listed below.

1. Sri Venkatesh National Park
  • Established in the year 1989.
  • The area covered 353 sq km.
2. Rajiv Gandhi National Park
  • Established in the year 2005.
  • The area covered 2.4 sq km.
  • Also known as Rameshwaram National Park.
3. Papikonda National Park
  • Established in year 2008.
  • The area covered 1012.85 sq km.
  • Known to protect for Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopards, Rusty-spotted cat, King Cobra.

National Parks in Arunachal Pradesh

There are only 2 National Parks in Arunachal Pradesh.

1. Namdapha National Park
  • Established in year 1974.
  • The area covered 1985.24 sq km.
  • Known to protect for Tiger.
  • This is the easternmost National Park of India.
2. Mouling National Park
  • Established in year 1986.
  • The area covered 483 sq km.

National Parks in Assam

There are 6 National Parks in Assam, India.

1. Kaziranga National Park
  • Established in year 1974.
  • The area covered 858.98 sq km.
  • Known to protect for Tiger, also is the highest known tiger density in the world.
  • UNESCO World Heritage Site of India.
2. Nameri National Park
  • Established in year 1978.
  • The area covered 137.07 sq km.
3.Manas National Park
  • Established in year 1990.
  • The area covered 950 sq km.
  • Listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site of India.
4.Dibru – Saikhowa National Park
  • Established in year 1999.
  • The area covered 340 sq km.
  • Known for protection of Feral Horse.
  • The river flowing through this National Park is Brahmputra, Lohit, Bibru.
5. Orange National Park
  • Established in year 1999.
  • The area covered 78.81 sq km.
  • Also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park.
6. Dehing Patkal National Park
  • Established in year 2000.

National Park in Bihar, India

There is only one National Park in Bihar.

1. Valmiki National Park
  • Established in year 1976.
  • The area covered 898.45 sq km.
  • The only National Park in Bihar.

National Parks in Chhatisgarh, India

There are total of 3 National Parks in Chhatisgarh, India.

1. Guru Ghasidas National Park
  • Established in year 1981.
  • The area covered 1440.71 sq km.
  • This National Park is also known as Sanjay National Park.
2. Indiravati National Park
  • Established in year 1981.
  • The area covered 1258.37 sq km.
  • This National Park is protecting Wild Asian buffalo, tiger reserve, hill mynas.
3. Kanger Ghati National Park
  • Established in year 1982.
  • The area covered 200 sq km.

National Park in Goa

In Goa, there is only one National Park

1. Mollem National Park
  • Established in year 1978.
  • The area covered 107 sq km.

National Park in Gujrat

These 4 National Parks in Gujrat out of 104 National Parks in India.

1. Gir Forest National Park
  • Established in year 1975.
  • The area covered 1412 sq km.
  • Gir Forest National Park is known for the protection of Asiatic Lion.
2. Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar
  • Established in year 1976.
  • The area covered 34.08 sq km.
  • Blackbuck National Park is known for the protection for blackbuck lodge, endangered grey wolf, striped hyena, Indian Fox.
3. Vansda National Park
  • Established in year 1979.
  • The area covered 23.99 sq km.
4. Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch
  • Established in year 1980.
  • The area covered 162.89 sq km.

National Park in Haryana

These 2 National Parks in Haryana out of 104 National Parks in India.

1. Sultanpur National Park
  • Established in year 1989.
  • The area covered 1.43 sq km.
2. Kaleshwar National Park, Velavadar
  • Established in year 2003.
  • The area covered 100.08 sq km.

National Park in Himachal Pradesh

These 5 National Parks in Haryana out of 104 National Parks in India.

1. Great Himalayan National Park
  • Established in year 1984.
  • The area covered 754.40 sq km.
  • Great Himalayan National Park is also UNESCO World Heritage Site.
2. Pin Valley National Park
  • Established in year 1987.
  • The area covered 807.36 sq km.
3. Inderkilla National Park
  • Established in year 2010.
  • The area covered 104 sq km.
4. Khirganga National Park
  • Established in year 2010.
  • The area covered 710 sq km.
5. Simbalbara National Park
  • Established in year 2010.
  • The area covered 27.88 sq km.

National Park in Jammu & Kashmir

These 3 National Parks in Jammu & Kashmir out of 104 National Parks in India.

1. Dachigam National Park
  • Established in year 1981.
  • The area covered 141 sq km.
  • The only National Park where Kashmir stag is found.
2. Kistwar National Park
  • Established in year 1981.
  • The area covered 400 sq km.
3. Salim Ali National Park
  • Established in year 1992.
  • The area covered 9.07 sq km.

National Parks in Jharkhand

1. Betla National Park
  • Established in year 1999.
  • The area covered 1135 sq km.
  • Famous for protection of Tiger, Indian Bison, Elephant, hyenas, monkey, Leopard.

National Parks in Karnataka

1. Bandipur National Park
  • Established in year 1974.
  • The area covered 874.20 sq km.
  • Famous for the protection of Chetal, Bengal Tigers, Gray Langurs, Indian Giant square, Gaur, Leopard, Sambar deer, Indian Elephants, Honey Buzzard, red-headed vulture.
2. Bannerghatta National Park
  • Established in year 1986.
  • The area covered 104.83 sq km.
  • Famous for the protection of Tigers, sloth bear, peacock, elephant, sambar deer, mouse deer.
3. Anshi National Park
  • Established in year 1987.
  • The area covered 417.34 sq km.
  • Famous for the protection of Great Hornbill, Tiger, Leopard, Black Panther, bear, elephant, deer.
4. Kudermukh National Park
  • Established in year 1987.
  • The area covered 600.37 sq km.
5. Nagarhole National Park
  • Established in year 1988.
  • The area covered 643.39 sq km
  • Also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park.

National Parks in Kerala

1. Eravikulam National Park
  • Established in year 1978.
  • The area covered 97 sq km.
  • Famous for the protection of Nilgiri Tahr, Strobilanthes Kunthiana.
  • Pamba River is flowing through our Eravikulam National Park.
2. Silent Valley National Park
  • Established in year 1980.
  • The area covered 237 sq km.
  • Famous for the protection of Indian Bison, Travancore Flying Squirrel, Salim Ali fruit bat, Stripe Necked Mongoose, Blue Wicked parakeet, Crimson backed Sunbird.
3. Periyar National Park
  • Established in year 1982.
  • The area covered 305 sq km.
  • Famous for the protection of Malabar Parakeet, Malabar Gray Hornbill, Nilgiri Laughing thrush, .
4. Anamudi Shola National Park
  • Established in year 2003.
  • The area covered 7.5 sq km.
5. Mathikettan National Park
  • Established in year 2003.
  • The area covered 12.82 sq km
  • Also known for protection of elephants.
6. Pambadun Shola National Park
  • Established in year 2003.
  • The area covered 1.32 sq km
  • Also known for the protection of Nilgiri Marten, Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Nilgiri Flycatcher, blue rock-thrush.

National Parks In Ladakh

1. Hemis National Park
  • Established in year 1981.
  • The area covered 4400 sq km
  • Also known Largest (Areawise) National Park in India.

National Parks In Madhya Pradesh

1. Kanha National Park
  • Established in year 1955.
  • The area covered 940 sq km.
2. Madhav National Park
  • Established in year 1959.
  • The area covered 375.22 sq km.
3. Pench National Park
  • Established in year 1977.
  • The area covered 758 sq km.
  • Jungle Book’s Setup was done in this National Park.
4. Panna National Park
  • Established in year 1981.
  • The area covered 542.87 sq km.
5. Sanjay National Park
  • Established in year 1981.
  • The area covered 466.7sq km.
6. Satpura National Park
  • Established in year 1981.
  • The area covered 524 sq km.
7. Bandhavgarh National Park
  • Established in year 1982.
  • The area covered 446 sq km.
  • Famous for protection of 1336 Species of Endemic plants.
8. Mandla Plant Fossile National Park
  • Established in year 1983.
  • The area covered 446 sq km.
  • Famous for protection of 1336 Species of Endemic plants.
9. Van Vihar National Park
  • Established in year 1983.
  • The area covered 0.27 sq km.
10. Kuno National Park
  • Established in year 2018.
  • The area covered 748.76 sq km.
  • The main project for the Asiatic lion reintroduction project

National Parks in Maharastra

There are a total of 4 National Parks in Maharashtra. Here are in details.

1. Sanjay Gandhi National Park
  • Established in year 1969.
  • The area covered 104 sq km.
  • Sanjay Gandhi National Park of Maharashtra protecting – Indian Leopard, Rhesus Macaque, Bonnet Macaque, Spotted Deer, Langur, Indian Flying Fox
2. Navegaon National Park
  • Established in year 1975.
  • The area covered 133.88 sq km.
3. Gugamal National Park
  • Established in year 1987.
  • The area covered 361.28 sq km.
4. Chandoli National Park
  • Established in year 2004.
  • The area covered 317.67 sq km.

National Parks in Manipur

There are a total of 2 National Parks in Manipur. Here are in details.

1. Keibul Lamjao National Park
  • Established in year 1977.
  • The area covered 40 sq km.
  • Keibul Lamjao National Park of Manipur is only a floating park in world.
2. Sirohi National Park
  • Established in year 1982.
  • The area covered 41.30 sq km.

National Park in Meghalaya, India

1. Balphakram National Park
  • Established in year 1986.
  • The area covered 220 sq km.
2. Nokrek National Park
  • Established in year 1986.
  • The area covered 47.48 sq km.
  • Nokrek National Park is listed as UNESCO World Biosphere

National Park in Mizoram, India

1. Murlen National Park
  • Established in year 1991.
  • The area covered 100 sq km.
2. Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park
  • Established in year 1992.
  • The area covered 50.00 sq km.

National Park in Nagaland, India

1. Ntangki National Park
  • Established in year 1993.
  • The area covered 202.02 sq km.

National Park in Odhisa, India

1. Simplipal National Park
  • Established in year 1980.
  • The area covered 2750 sq km.
  • Simplipal National Park protecting Tiger, Leopard, Asian Elephant, Sambar, Barking deer, Gaur, Jungle cat, Wild Boar.
2. Bhitarkanika National Park
  • Established in year 1988.
  • The area covered 145 sq km.
  • Simplipal National Park protecting Mangroves, Saltwater Crocodile, Indian python, white crocodile, black ibis, wild pigs, rhesus, Olive redly sea turtle, chital.

National Park in Rajasthan, India

1. Sariska National Park / Tiger Reserve
  • Established in year 1955.
  • The area covered 866 sq km.
  • Also known as Sariska Tiger Reserve.
2. Desert National Park
  • Established in year 1980.
  • The area covered 3162 sq km.
  • Desert National Park protecting Great Indian Bustard.
3. Keoladeo National Park
  • Established in year 1981.
  • The area covered 28.73 sq km.
  • Keoladeo National Park of Rajasthan is also listed as one of the UNESCO world heritage sites.
4. Ranthambore National Park
  • Established in year 1981.
  • The area covered 392 sq km.
  • Ranthambore National Park of Rajasthan is listed under Project tiger hence is also a tiger reserve.
5. Mukundra Hills National Park
  • Established in year 2006.
  • The area covered 200.54 sq km.

National Park in Sikkim, India

Sikkim of India has only one National Park and Listed under UNESCO World Site.

1. Khanchendzonga National Park
  • Established in the year 1977.
  • The area covered 1784 sq km.
  • Khanchendzonga National Park of Sikkim, India is listed under UNSECO World sites.

National Park in Tamilnadu, India

1. Mudumalai National Park
  • Established in the year 1940.
  • The area covered 321.55 sq km.
2. Guindy National Park
  • Established in the year 1976.
  • The area covered 2.82 sq km.
3. Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
  • Established in the year 1980.
  • The area covered 6.23 sq km.
4. Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park
  • Established in the year 1989.
  • The area covered 117.10 sq km.
5. Mukurthi National Park
  • Established in the year 2001.
  • The area covered 78.46 sq km.
  • Mukurthi National Park is protecting Niligiri Tahr.

National Park in Telangana, India

1. Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
  • Established in the year 1994.
  • The area covered 1.42 sq km.
2. Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
  • Established in the year 1994.
  • The area covered 14.59 sq km.
3. Mrugavani National Park
  • Established in the year 1994.
  • The area covered 3.60 sq km.

National Park in Tripura, India

1. Clouded Leopard National Park
  • Established in the year 2003.
  • The area covered 5.89 sq km.
2. Bishan (Rajbari) National Park
  • Established in the year 2007.
  • The area covered 31.63 sq km.

National Parks in Uttar Pradesh, India

After separation of Uttrakhand or Uttranchal in 2000, Uttar Pradesh has only one National Park named below.

1. Dudhawa National Park
  • Established in the year 1977.
  • The area covered 490.29 sq km.
  • Dudhawa National Park is protecting Tiger, Sambhar deer, and hog deer.

National Parks in Uttrakhand/Uttranchal, India

After separation from Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand later Uttranchal total of six National Park named below.

1. Jim Corbett National Park
  • Established in the year 1936.
  • The area covered 1318.5 sq km.
  • Jim Corbett National Park is first national park in India and also the first one in the project tiger.
2. Nanda Devi National Park
  • Established in the year 1982.
  • The area covered 630.33 sq km.
  • Nanda Devi National Park is listed as both in UNESCO World Heritage sites and UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve.
3. Valley of Flower National Park
  • Established in the year 1982.
  • The area covered 87.50 sq km.
  • Valley of Flowers National Park is listed in UNESCO World Heritage sites.
4. Rajaji National Park
  • Established in the year 1983.
  • The area covered 820 sq km.
  • Rajaji National Park of Uttrakhand is known for protecting elephants, tigers, leopards, and several species of birds, reptiles and mammals.
5. Gangotri National Park
  • Established in the year 1983.
  • The area covered 820 sq km.
  • Rajaji National Park of Uttrakhand is known for protecting elephants, tigers, leopards, and several species of birds, reptiles, and mammals.
6. Govind Pashu National Park
  • Established in the year 1990.
  • The area covered 472.80 sq km.

National Parks in West Bengal, India

1. Sundarban National Park
  • Established in the year 1984.
  • The area covered 1330.12 sq km.
  • Sundarban National Park is listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
2. Singalila National Park
  • Established in the year 1986.
  • The area covered 78.60 sq km.
3. Buxa Tiger Reserve
  • Established in the year 1992.
  • The area covered 760 sq km.
4. Gorumara National Park
  • Established in the year 1994.
  • The area covered 79.45 sq km.
5. Jaldapara National Park
  • Established in the year 2012.
  • The area covered 216 sq km.
  • Jaldapara National Park of Uttrakhand is known for protecting Indian Rhinoceros.

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